By Todd Timmons
The nineteenth Century used to be a interval of great swap within the day-by-day lives of the typical american citizens. by no means ahead of had such swap happened so swiftly or and had affected one of these wide variety of individuals. And those alterations have been basically because of the large advances in technological know-how and know-how. a number of the applied sciences that play such an vital function in our everyday life this present day have been first invented in this nice interval of innovation―everything from the railroad to the phone. those innovations have been instrumental within the social and cultural advancements of the time. The Civil battle, Westward enlargement, the growth and fall of slave tradition, the increase of the operating and center sessions and adjustments in gender roles―none of those might have happened as they did had it no longer been for the technology and expertise of the time.
Science and expertise in Nineteenth-Century America chronicles this dating among technology and know-how and the revolutions within the lives of daily american citizens. the quantity contains a dialogue of:
- Transportation―from the railroad and steamship to the 1st cars showing close to the tip of the century.
- Communication―including the telegraph, the phone, and the photograph
- Industrialization― how the growing to be manufacturing unit method impacted the lives of operating males and women
- Agriculture―how mechanical units akin to the McCormick reaper and purposes of technology perpetually altered how farming used to be performed within the United States
- Exploration and navigations―the technological know-how and expertise of the age used to be an important to the growth of the rustic that happened within the century, and
By Hong-Sen Yan
South pointing chariots, strolling machines and the astronomical mechanical clock are all used as illustrated examples during this interesting and specific research of misplaced equipment in historic China. this can be the 1st publication of its style, combining artistic mechanism layout method with mechanical evolution and edition conception to set out how a few old designs could be recreated. additionally the e-book displays on how age-old wisdoms may stimulate wonderful new equipment sooner or later.
By Robert Courland,Dennis Smith
In a full of life narrative peppered with fascinating information, writer Robert Corland describes how essentially the most well-known personalities of historical past grew to become fascinated about the advance and use of concrete—including King Herod the nice of Judea, the Roman emperor Hadrian, Thomas Edison (who as soon as owned the most important concrete cement plant within the world), and architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Courland issues to contemporary archaeological facts suggesting that the invention of concrete without delay resulted in the Neolithic Revolution and the increase of the earliest civilizations. a lot later, the Romans reached terribly excessive criteria for concrete creation, showcasing their success in iconic structures just like the Coliseum and the Pantheon. Amazingly, with the autumn of the Roman Empire, the secrets and techniques of concrete production have been misplaced for over a millennium.
The writer explains that once concrete was once rediscovered within the past due eighteenth century it used to be first and foremost seen as an attractive novelty or, at top, a really good construction fabric appropriate just for a slender diversity of purposes. It used to be simply towards the tip of the 19th century that using concrete exploded. in this fast growth, lobbyists attempted to conceal the truth that smooth concrete had definite defects and significant shortcomings. it's now famous that smooth concrete, not like its Roman predecessor, progressively disintegrates with age. Compounding this challenge is one other distressing truth: the manufacture of concrete cement is a huge contributor to international warming.
Concrete Planet is full of remarkable tales, attention-grabbing characters, dazzling proof, and an array of fascinating insights into the construction fabric that varieties the root of the infrastructure on which we depend.
From the Hardcover edition.
By Jonathan Reed Winkler
In an illuminating research that blends diplomatic, army, know-how, and company background, Jonathan Reed Winkler exhibits how U.S. officers in the course of international battle i found the big price of worldwide communications.
At the outbreak of conflict in 1914, British regulate of the cable community affected the american citizens’ skill to speak the world over, and the improvement of radio frightened the military approximately hemispheric safety. the advantages of a U.S. community turned glaring through the struggle, specifically within the collecting of intelligence. This ended in the production of a peacetime intelligence operation, later termed the “Black Chamber,” that used to be the forerunner of the nationwide safeguard Agency.
After the conflict, U.S. businesses labored to extend community provider world wide yet confronted business boundaries. excited by safeguard matters, the Wilson management objected to any collaboration with British businesses that would alleviate this challenge. certainly, they went as far as to create a radio monopoly and use warships to dam the touchdown of a cable at Miami.
These efforts set vital precedents for later advancements in telephony, shortwave radio, satellites—even the web. during this soaking up heritage, Winkler sheds gentle at the early phases of the worldwide infrastructure that helped release the USA because the main energy of the century.
By Dik Alan Daso
By Luis A. Campos
From the production of half-living microbes within the try out tube to charting the earliest histories of genetic engineering, Radium and the key of Life highlights formerly unknown interconnections among the background of the early radioactive sciences and the sciences of heredity. Equating the transmutation of radium with the organic transmutation of residing species, biologists observed in metabolism and mutation homes that reminded them of the recent aspect. those in the beginning provocative metaphoric hyperlinks among radium and existence proved remarkably efficient and finally resulted in key organic insights into the beginning of existence, the character of heredity, and the constitution of the gene. Radium and the key of Life recovers a forgotten heritage of the connections among radioactivity and the lifestyles sciences that existed lengthy sooner than the sunrise of molecular biology.
By Joshua M. Greenberg
By Minsoo Kang
By J. D. Hunley
Focusing particularly at the engineering tradition of this system, Hunley communicates this very human aspect of technological improvement via anecdotes, personality sketches, and case reviews of difficulties confronted by way of rocket engineers. He exhibits how this type of hugely adaptive procedure enabled the evolution of a highly advanced expertise that used to be impressivebut decidedly no longer rocket science.
exact in its single-volume insurance of the evolution of launch-vehicle know-how from 1926 to 1991, this meticulously researched paintings will tell students and engineers attracted to the background of know-how and innovation, in addition to these focusing on the background of area flight.
By Rebecca Slayton