Western Pennsylvania's Oil Heritage (Postcard History - download pdf or read online

By Charles E. Williams

the invention of oil flowing from a good within the wilds of northwestern Pennsylvania shook the fashionable international in 1859. sophisticated as kerosene for lamps, a lubricant for domestic and business wishes, and eventually as a gas for transportation within the type of fuel, oil actually replaced the realm and outlined international economics and politics. Western Pennsylvania�s Oil background profiles the background of Pennsylvania oil from its discovery and improvement to its effect at the tradition, economic climate, and surroundings of the oil area. those classic postcards offer a glimpse into the wide-ranging background of western Pennsylvania�s oil zone, from the cradle of the at Oil Creek, to the immensely effective Bradford oil box, and directly to towns and cities like Oil urban, outfitted principally via the black gold.

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Invention and Innovation: The Social Context of by Janine Bourriau,Jacke Phillips PDF

By Janine Bourriau,Jacke Phillips

In September 2002, a moment workshop at the topic of the social context of technological switch used to be held on the McDonald Institute for Archaeological examine, collage of Cambridge. dialogue has been the center of those conferences up to now, with the goal being to narrate the result of the expert investigator to vast ancient questions about the nature and improvement of historical societies. The papers awarded right here deal with a much broader context: geographically, with the inclusion of the Aegean and thematically, with papers on typical items and uncooked fabrics. the timeframe is still a similar in protecting the past due Bronze Age/New state. nearly all of the papers draw on Egyptian proof, and illustrate a multiplicity of techniques to the difficulties set through historic applied sciences: modelling, method of artwork background and archaeology utilized to a not easy crew of artefacts, integration of archaeological and textual assets, and the applying of the implications clinical research to light up historical technology.

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Wheels Stop: The Tragedies and Triumphs of the Space Shuttle by Rick Houston,Jerry Ross PDF

By Rick Houston,Jerry Ross

Humanity’s first reusable spacecraft and the main advanced desktop ever outfitted, NASA’s house commute debuted with nice promise and as a liable resource of ask yourself and nationwide satisfaction. yet with the Challenger disaster in 1986, the complete area trip software got here into query, as did NASA itself, goodbye an establishment that was once possible above reproach. Wheels Stop tells the stirring tale of the way, after the Challenger catastrophe, the gap go back and forth not just recovered yet went directly to practice its maximum missions. From the go back to Flight venture of STS-26 in 1988 to the final travel project ever on STS-135 in 2011, Wheels Stop takes readers behind the curtain because the shuttle’s crews start to mend chilly warfare tensions with the previous Soviet Union, behavior very important learn, installation satellites, fix the Hubble area Telescope, and help in developing the overseas area Station. It additionally tells the heart-wrenching tale of the Columbia tragedy and the lack of the terrific STS-107 crew.

As complicated because the go back and forth used to be, the folk it carried into orbit have been usually extra so—and this can be their tale, too. shut encounters with astronauts, flight controllers, and commute employees catch the human facet of the distance Shuttle’s impressive journey—and invite readers alongside for the journey.

Browse extra spaceflight books at upinspace.org.

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Read e-book online The Artificial Ear: Cochlear Implants and the Culture of PDF

By Stuart Blume

When it was once first built, the cochlear implant used to be hailed as a "miracle medication" for deafness. That particularly few deaf adults appeared to wish it was once difficult. The know-how used to be then transformed to be used with deaf teenagers, ninety percentage of whom have listening to mom and dad. Then, controversy struck because the Deaf group overwhelmingly protested using the gadget and strategy. For them, the cochlear implant used to be no longer considered within the context of clinical growth and advances within the body structure of listening to, yet as an alternative represented the ancient oppression of deaf humans and of signal languages.

Part ethnography and half historic learn, The man made Ear is predicated on interviews with researchers who have been pivotal within the early improvement and implementation of the recent know-how. via an research of the medical and medical literature, Stuart Blume reconstructs the heritage of man-made listening to from its conceptual origins within the Nineteen Thirties, to the 1st try at cochlear implantation in Paris within the Nineteen Fifties, and to the common medical program of the "bionic ear" because the 1980s.

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Die Göbel-Legende: Der Kampf um die Erfindung der Glühlampe by Hans-Christian Rohde PDF

By Hans-Christian Rohde

Das ZDF feierte Heinrich Göbel (1818 - 1893) als den eigentlichen Erfinder der elektrischen Glühlampe, in vielen Enzyklopädien ist es nachzulesen, die submit ehrte Göbel noch 2004 mit einer Briefmarke. Seine Geburtsstadt Springe feierte ihn mit Festen, Münzen und monumentalen Denkmalen - und doch ist alles nur Legende. »Die Göbel-Legende. Der Kampf um die Erfindung der Glühlampe« zeigt, wie die Legende entstanden ist, wie sie sich ausbreiten konnte und welche grotesken Folgen sie hat.

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Marconi: The Man Who Networked the World - download pdf or read online

By Marc Raboy

a bit over a century in the past the area went instant. Cables and all their proscribing inefficiencies gave solution to a progressive technique of transmitting information and data nearly in all places, straight away. via "Hertzian waves," as radio waves have been at first identified, ships may now make touch with different ships (saving lives, resembling at the doomed R.M.S. Titanic); monetary markets may well coordinate with different monetary markets, developing the cost of commodities and solving alternate charges; army commanders may hook up with front strains, positioning artillery and directing troop pursuits. abruptly and irrevocably, time and house telescoped past what have been idea conceivable. somebody had not just imagined this networked international yet learned it: Guglielmo Marconi.

As Marc Raboy indicates us during this enchanting and complete biography, Marconi used to be the 1st really worldwide determine in smooth communications. Born to an Italian father and an Irish mom, he used to be in lots of methods stateless, operating his cosmopolitanism to virtue. via a mixture of ability, tenacity, success, imaginative and prescient, and timing, Marconi popularized-and, extra severely, patented-the use of radio waves. quickly after he burst into public view with an indication of his instant equipment in London on the age of twenty-two in 1896, he tested his instant Telegraph & sign corporation and appeared unstoppable. He used to be embellished by means of the Czar of Russia, named an Italian Senator, knighted by means of King George V of britain, and offered the Nobel Prize for Physics-all ahead of the age of forty. until eventually his loss of life in 1937, Marconi used to be on the center of each significant innovation in digital verbal exchange, courted by way of strong clinical, political, and fiscal pursuits, and trailed by means of the media, which recorded and released approximately each of his utterances. He proven stations and transmitters in each nook of the globe, from Newfoundland to Buenos Aires, Hawaii to Saint Petersburg.

Based on unique learn and unpublished archival fabrics in 4 international locations and several other languages, Raboy's booklet is the 1st to attach major components of Marconi's tale, from his early days in Italy, to his groundbreaking experiments, to his protean function in international affairs. Raboy additionally explores Marconi's relationships together with his better halves, mistresses, and youngsters, and examines in unsparing aspect the final ten years of the inventor's existence, while he lower back to Italy and have become a pillar of Benito Mussolini's fascist regime. Raboy's engrossing biography, with the intention to stand because the authoritative paintings of its topic, proves that we nonetheless reside on this planet Marconi created.

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Download e-book for kindle: Science and the American Century: Readings from "Isis" by Sally Gregory Kohlstedt,David Kaiser

By Sally Gregory Kohlstedt,David Kaiser

The 20th century used to be one in all extraordinary swap in technological know-how, particularly as pursued within the usa. opposed to a backdrop of dramatic political and financial shifts introduced via international wars, intermittent depressions, sporadic and sometimes monstrous raises in investment, and increasing inner most patronage, this medical paintings essentially reshaped daily life. Science and the yankee Century deals the most major contributions to the examine of the heritage of technology, expertise, and medication through the 20th century, all drawn from the pages of the magazine Isis.


Fourteen essays from major students are grouped into 3 sections, every one offered in approximately chronological order. the 1st part charts a number of ways that our wisdom of nature used to be cultivated, revealing how medical practitioners and the general public alike grappled with definitions of the “natural” as they absorbed and refracted international details. The essays within the moment part examine the altering attitudes and fortunes of scientists in the course of and after global conflict II. the ultimate part files the problematic ways in which technological know-how, because it complicated, grew to become intertwined with social rules and the law.


This vital and worthy ebook offers a considerate and targeted evaluation for students and scholars of yankee historical past and the background of technological know-how, in addition to for scientists and others who are looking to greater comprehend glossy technology and technological know-how in America.

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New PDF release: Engineers for Change: Competing Visions of Technology in

By Matthew Wisnioski

In the past due Nineteen Sixties an eclectic staff of engineers joined the antiwar and civil rights activists of the time in agitating for swap. The engineers have been struggling with to remake their occupation, difficult their fellow engineers to embody a extra humane imaginative and prescient of know-how. In Engineers for Change, Matthew Wisnioski deals an account of this clash inside engineering, linking it to deep-seated assumptions approximately know-how and American existence. The postwar interval in the US observed a near-utopian trust in technology's beneficence. starting within the mid-1960s, despite the fact that, society--influenced through the antitechnology writings of such thinkers as Jacques Ellul and Lewis Mumford--began to view know-how in a extra unfavorable mild. Engineers themselves have been noticeable as conformist association males propping up the military-industrial complicated. A dissident minority of engineers provided evaluations in their occupation that appropriated suggestions from technology's critics. those dissidents have been criticized in flip through conservatives who looked them as countercultural Luddites. And but, as Wisnioski indicates, the novel minority spurred the pro elite to advertise a brand new realizing of know-how as a speedily accelerating strength that our associations are ill-equipped to address. The unfavourable outcomes of know-how spring from its very nature--and no longer from engineering's mess ups. "Sociotechnologists" have been recruited to aid society comply with its expertise. Wisnioski argues that during responding to the demanding situations posed via critics inside their occupation, engineers within the Nineteen Sixties contributed to shaping our dominant modern realizing of technological swap because the motive force of history.

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Read e-book online Transient Workspaces: Technologies of Everyday Innovation in PDF

By Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

In this publication, Clapperton Mavhunga perspectives know-how in Africa from an African viewpoint. expertise in his account isn't really anything regularly introduced in from open air, yet is usually anything that normal humans comprehend, make, and perform via their daily suggestions or creativities -- together with issues that few may even give some thought to technological. know-how doesn't continually originate within the laboratory in a Western-style construction but additionally within the society within the wooded area, within the crop box, and elsewhere the place wisdom is made and changed into sensible results. African creativities are present in African mobilities. Mavhunga indicates the circulate of individuals as now not only conveyances throughout area yet brief workspaces. Taking indigenous searching in Zimbabwe as one instance, he explores African philosophies of mobilities as spiritually guided and of the woodland as a sacred house. Viewing the quest as guided mobility, Mavhunga considers fascinating questions of what constitutes expertise lower than regimes of spirituality. He describes how African hunters prolonged their wisdom traditions to cultivate the gun, how ecu colonizers, without therapy in their personal, grew to become to indigenous hunters for assist in scuffling with the lethal tsetse fly, and examines how natural world conservation regimes have criminalized African searching instead of enlisting hunters (and their wisdom) as allies in natural world sustainability. the quest, Mavhunga writes, is one of the criminalized knowledges and practices to which African humans flip in instances of monetary or political problem. He argues that those practices must be decriminalized and tested as applied sciences of daily innovation with a view towards confident engagement, innovating with Africans instead of for them.

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Download e-book for kindle: History of Technology Volume 7 by A. Rupert Hall,Norman Smith

By A. Rupert Hall,Norman Smith

The technical difficulties confronting diversified societies and sessions, and the measures taken to resolve them shape the fear of this annual number of essays. Volumes comprise technical articles ranging commonly in topic, time and sector, in addition to normal papers at the heritage of know-how. as well as facing the heritage of technical discovery and alter, History of know-how also explores the family of expertise to different elements of lifestyles -- social, cultural and fiscal -- and indicates how technological improvement has formed, and been formed by way of, the society within which it occurred.

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