Read e-book online Megafauna: Giant Beasts of Pleistocene South America (Life PDF

By Richard A. Fariña,Sergio F. Vizcaíno,Gerry De Iuliis,Sebastián Tambusso

More than 10,000 years in the past spectacularly huge mammals roamed the pampas and jungles of South the USA. This booklet tells the tale of those nice beasts in the course of and simply after the Pleistocene, the geological epoch marked by way of the good ice a while. Megafauna describes the background and lifestyle of those animals, their comings and goings, and what took place them at first of the fashionable period and the arriving of people. It areas those giants in the context of the opposite mammals then alive, describing their paleobiology—how they walked; how a lot they weighed; their diets, habit, biomechanics; and the interactions between them and with their surroundings. It additionally tells the tales of the scientists who contributed to our discovery and information of those transcendent creatures and the surroundings they inhabited. The episode often called the good American Biotic Interchange, probably crucial of all normal heritage "experiments," can also be an enormous topic of the publication, tracing the biotic occasions of either North and South the USA that ended in the fauna and the ecosystems mentioned during this book.

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New PDF release: Microwaves and Thermoregulation

By Eleanor Adair

Microwaves and Thermoregulation emerged from a symposium hosted by way of the loo B. Pierce beginning at Yale college, New Haven, Connecticut, on October 26-27, 1981. the development introduced jointly engineers, actual scientists, physiologists, and psychologists to debate the ways that nonionizing electromagnetic radiation deposits thermalizing power in organic tissues and the way this power can be detected and controlled by means of the unsleeping organism.
The publication starts by way of tracing the heritage of thermal RF-tolerance and of thermoregulation. this can be by way of chapters on themes corresponding to the features of the thermal atmosphere; the microwave stimulus; electromagnetic heating for treatment; the results of thermal (infrared) radiation on people; physique temperature rules in the course of euthermia and hyperthermia; the vital fearful thermoregulatory method; and thermal sensation. different chapters speak about the sensory dynamics of extreme microwave irradiation; thermoregulation in extreme microwave fields; thermoregulatory behavioral responses; and results of long term (subchronic) publicity to vulnerable microwave fields. The publication additionally features a bankruptcy that includes panel dialogue held throughout the symposium, and one who discusses G. A. Sachers free-energy speculation of life-span enhancement.

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Read e-book online Wild Cultures: A Comparison between Chimpanzee and Human PDF

By Christophe Boesch

How do chimpanzees say, 'I are looking to have intercourse with you?' by way of clipping a leaf or knocking on a tree trunk? How do they devour reside competitive ants? through the use of a brief follow one hand or lengthy keep on with either? Ivorian and Tanzanian chimpanzees solution those questions another way, as might people from France and China if requested how they consume rice. Christophe Boesch takes readers into the lives of chimpanzees from various African areas, highlighting the talk approximately tradition. His ethnography unearths how easy innovations have advanced into advanced ones, how instructing types range, how fabric tradition widens entry to new nutrients assets and the way young ones examine tradition. This trip finds many parallels among people and chimpanzees and issues to awesome variations. Written in a bright and obtainable variety, Wild Cultures areas the reader in social and ecological contexts that make clear our dual cultures.

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The Physiological Ecology of Tunas by Gary Sharp PDF

By Gary Sharp

The Physiological Ecology of Tunas records the lawsuits of the Tuna body structure Workshop held on the nationwide Marine Fisheries provider Southwest Fisheries middle at l. a. JoDa, California, January 10-15, 1977. The contributions made by means of researchers on the workshop are equipped into seven chapters. the 1st bankruptcy contains reports at the morphological variety and muscle-tissue-specific enzymatic attributes of scombrids. Papers within the moment bankruptcy care for the built-in points of tuna habit and features that outcome from their advanced cardiovascular process. The 3rd bankruptcy comprises reviews on skipjack tuna white muscle and the locomotor muscular tissues of Scomber and Katsuwonus. The fourth bankruptcy specializes in the thermal biology of tunas whereas the 5th bankruptcy examines the hydromechanics of tuna propulsion. The 6th bankruptcy offers details on lively expenditures of tunas, and observations on physiological calls for and correlates. It culminates with a conceptual version for the complicated existence cycle of the extant "ultimate tuna," the Atlantic bluefin tuna. The 7th bankruptcy discusses purposes of tuna body structure studies.

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Download e-book for iPad: Man and Animal in Severan Rome: The Literary Imagination of by Steven D. Smith

By Steven D. Smith

The Roman sophist Claudius Aelianus, born in Praeneste within the overdue moment century CE, spent his occupation cultivating a Greek literary personality. Aelian used to be a very popular author in the course of his personal lifetime, and his literary compilations will be influential for one thousand years and extra within the Roman international. This ebook argues that the De natura animalium, a miscellaneous treasury of animal lore and Aelian's maximum paintings, is a worldly literary critique of Severan Rome. Aelian's fascination with animals displays the cultural problems with his day: philosophy, faith, the exoticism of Egypt and India, intercourse, gender, and imperial politics. This examine additionally considers how Aelian's pursuits within the De natura animalium are echoed in his different works, the country Letters and the Varia Historia. Himself a sought after determine of mainstream Roman Hellenism, Aelian subtle his literary aesthetic to supply a studying of nature that's either ethical and provocative.

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Get Evolving Animals: The Story of our Kingdom PDF

By Wallace Arthur,Stephen Arthur

What can we learn about animal evolution within the early twenty-first century? How even more can we be aware of this day than Darwin did? What are the main intriguing discoveries which have been made within the previous couple of a long time? protecting all of the major animal teams, from jellyfish to mammals, this e-book considers all of those questions and extra. Its 30 brief chapters, every one written in a conversational, nontechnical sort and observed by means of a number of unique illustrations, deal both with the trend and the method of evolution – with either evolutionary bushes and evolutionary mechanisms. They disguise various evolutionary topics, together with: the animal toolkit, normal choice, embryos and larvae, animal recognition, fossils, human evolution, or even the potential for animal existence present somewhere else than in the world. This precise textual content will make a great creation for undergraduates and others with an curiosity within the subject.

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Download e-book for iPad: Primate Locomotion by Farish A. Jr. Jenkins

By Farish A. Jr. Jenkins

Primate Locomotion discusses researches at the proposal of primate locomotion. it truly is equipped into eleven chapters that conceal biomechanical rules, that are the basis of figuring out of locomotor variations.
This ebook first supplies an advent to parallels and analogs among mammalian and mechanical buildings. It then describes the mechanisms of arboreal mammal locomotion, in addition to the behavioral observations and locomotor styles of tree shrew. The leaping locomotion of Galago alleni and the position of wrist specialization within the locomotor evolution of the Hominoidea also are defined. the next bankruptcy discusses the connection among the mechanical gains of the scapula and shoulder area and the features of locomotor habit. A bankruptcy additionally discusses the adaptive nature of postural habit in quadrupedal primates, represented by means of the recent and outdated international monkeys.
Moreover, this booklet examines the morphological modifications among dwelling Insectivora, Carnivora, Primates, and the correct recognized fossils of Cretaceous and Early Tertiary Eutheria. this can be to judge the origins, evolution, and serve as of the Tarsus. one other bankruptcy offers a practical research of lots of the foot skeleton, essentially, the Lemuriformes. The concluding chapters care for electromyographical stories on gorillas; the mechanics of knuckle-walking; the theories on hominoid phylogeny; and the locomotor variations in prosimians.
This textual content is meant not just for researchers facing primate locomotion, yet both for college kids and others who percentage an curiosity in mammals and locomotor adaptations.

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Vergleichende Verhaltensforschung und Phylogenetik (German - download pdf or read online

By Wolfgang Wickler

Wie Wolfgang Wickler in seinem kurzen, kompakten und seit seinem erstmaligem Erscheinen im Jahr 1967 immer noch aktuellen Werk zeigt, strebt die vergleichende Verhaltensforschung danach, charakteristische Verhaltensmerkmale und Fähigkeiten von Tieren und Menschen zu beschreiben und zu dokumentieren.  Auch heutige Forschung möchte verstehen, warum und wie diese entstanden sind. Einen nach wie vor wichtigen Forschungsschwerpunkt bildet deshalb die Frage nach der evolutionären Herkunft von Formen, Mechanismen und Funktionen der verschiedenen Verhaltensweisen. 

Erläutert werden die Methoden der Phylogenetik, mit denen guy die Stammesgeschichte rekonstruieren kann. In erster Linie mithilfe des Homologisierens lassen sich Aussagen für die genetisch-organische wie für die kulturelle Evolution, die Traditionen begründet, treffen.

Der Autor beleuchtet Verhaltensweisen, die „historische Reste“ aus der Stammesgeschichte enthalten und eine Rolle als Evolutions-Schrittmacher spielen. Als soziale Signale unterliegen sie der Semantisierung  und der Ritualisation.  In wichtigen Funktionskreisen wie Revierverhalten, Paarbindung und altruistischem Verhalten dienen sie der Anpassung an ökologische und soziale Erfordernisse. Dabei entstehen soziale Verhaltenselemente durch Motivationswechsel aus dem Brutpflege- und Sexualverhalten.


Als grundlegendes Werk, das sich zudem durch seinen kompakten Ansatz auszeichnet, gibt Wicklers Buch einen Überblick zum Thema Verhaltensforschung und Stammesgeschichte.



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The Animal/Human Bond: A Culture Survey by Orland Soave PDF

By Orland Soave

at the present time, the interactions among guy and animals are day-by-day ones, occasionally refined, othertimes complicated and crucial for the survival of either animals and guy. the data accrued from human/animal interactions is fascinating, stimulating, and important in way of life. This tale is of curiosity to biologists, behaviorists, agriculturalists, psychologists, sociologists, veterinarians, physicians and most of the people. Such institutions signify the research of lifestyles. they're like symphony tune is to the topic of arithmetic: they praise the challenging technological know-how via supplying curiosity, concord, soul and pride. The Animal/Human Bond (Second Edition) raises the insurance of epidemiology, with extra dialogue of every side of the unique work.

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Get Sensory Functions of the Skin in Primates: With Special PDF

By Y. Zotterman,Yngve Zotterman

Sensory capabilities of the outside in Primates: With designated connection with guy offers with sensory capabilities of the surface in primates, really people. The discussions are prepared round 3 issues: mechanoreception, thermoception, and nociception.

Comprised of forty three chapters, this quantity starts off with an in depth remedy of the common and paranatural stimulation of sensory receptors, by way of an research of a thought of sympathetic-sensory coupling. The reader is then brought to the "receptripse", the desmosome-like lamellar-axonal junction subserving mechano-electric transduction and inducing the sympathetic activities at the pacinian sensor. next chapters concentrate on changes in timing of corticocuneate and corticogracile activities; association and neuronal morphology of the spinocervical tract; dermis mechanoreceptors within the human hand; and mobile mechanisms within the parietal cortex in alert monkeys. The ebook additionally examines the reaction of significant trigeminal neurons to cutaneous thermal stimulation and the position of thermoreceptors in thermoregulation.

This monograph should be of curiosity to experts in fields starting from anatomy and biology to body structure and neurophysiology.

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