By Shannon Sullivan Hudson
Montgomery County, Indiana holds a distinct position at the Western spur of Indiana’s Underground Railroad. Indiana’s panorama supplied the entire traditional formations that allowed runaways traversing the nation to hide themselves and to keep on with nature’s indicators northward. Montgomery County boasted current footpaths, flat terrains, Sugar Creek that ran northeast to southwest, tree hollows, caves, forests, thickets, ducks flying north, moss growing to be thicker at the north aspect of the timber, emerging and surroundings of the sunlight, and, after all, the main amazing of nature’s presents, the North megastar. Abolitionists/Activists smuggled escapees in boats, carriages, stagecoaches, railroad vehicles, fake backside wagons, and skiffs whereas they concealed them in barns, haystacks, corn cribs, drainpipes, barrels, trunks, previous furnishings, coffins, and overturned canoes. Slave songs and spirituals frequently gave instructions, coded messages, and precious feedback for these getting ready to or vacationing at the Underground Railroad.
Indiana’s Underground Railroad western spur got here up via locations like Leavenworth, Lawrenceburg, New Albany, and Evansville. looking on situations (patrollers, bounty hunters, weather), conductors routed runaways northward via Vincennes, Terre Haute, Bloomingdale, Alamo, Yountsville, Crawfordsville, Garfield, Darlington, Michigan, and finally to Canada. despite the fact that, those internal workings of our western path have remained shrouded in secret. Historians have urged many purposes for this. those that did settle the following introduced their mystery strategies from the East Coast understanding tips to cover their routine. neighborhood conductors had a better worry for his or her personal security and the protection in their households. The Western aspect of the nation was once carefully settled till later within the state’s historical past. In 1824, Crawfordsville stumbled on itself remoted being the single city among Terre Haute and fortress Wayne. Conductors concealed or destroyed journals, or selected by no means to maintain them. the complete quantity aided to freedom, or the place they stayed in the course of their trip via this quarter of the nation seriously is not recognized.
Specific information about how the Underground Railroad association begun in Montgomery County were misplaced to time. simply because only a few particular written files exist, a few historians have labeled all neighborhood tales as Montgomery County legends. yet like several legends, the tales had evidence on the middle. whereas historians assumed the site visitors was once by no means very heavy on account that extra legends haven’t been advised, it could have in its place been a question of self-preservation with rigorously guarded secrets and techniques. the sole concrete remnants of those legends comprise proven houses akin to Crawfordsville’s velocity Cabin, Alamo’s Hiram Powell domestic, and Yountsville’s Abijah O’Neall domestic, the Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Crawfordsville’s Northend, and a few letters preserved by way of descendants.
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Abolitionists on the Underground Railroad: Legends from Montgomery County, Indiana by Shannon Sullivan Hudson